Tibetans in exile

The population of Tibetans outside Tibet according to the Tibetan Demographic Survey of 2009 is 127,935, comprising 70,556 males and 57,379 females. There were 94,203 Tibetans living in India, 13,514 in Nepal, 1,298 in Bhutan, and 18,920 in the rest of the world. Tibetans in exile make up about 3 percent of the total ethnic Tibetan population in the world, with the rest in the Tibetan areas of the People’s Republic of China.

Tibetans in India, Nepal, and Bhutan

Dharamshala, India, has the largest Tibetan population (13,701) followed by Doeguling (9,847), Lugsam (9,229), and Ladakh (6,769). In Nepal, the largest number of Tibetans are concentrated in Boudha (4,846), followed by the Phakshing-Swayambhu area (1,867), and Samdupling (984). Among the Tibetans in Bhutan, the largest number are reported to live in Jigmenang (333), followed by Khasakha (257) and Karchesa (211).

Tibetans abroad

According to the TDS ‘09, the total headcount of Tibetans living in foreign countries other than India, Nepal, and Bhutan stands at 18,920. We estimate that about 25 per cent of Tibetans living abroad did not or could not participate in the survey for various reasons. North America has the largest number of Tibetans abroad, with 11,112, followed by Europe (5,633) and Australasia (1,120).

In order to carry out this survey, a separate abridged questionnaire was designed. The survey was carried out through the Offices of Tibet.

See more population figures and information starting at the countries page.

CTA tax record – “Green Book”

Information at Tibet.net

Tibetan Chamber of Commerce

Website is TibetanCC.org

More information


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